Baltic amber is an organic substance, which is a fossil resin , resulting in natural conditions, at least 40 million years ago.
The resin flows out with injuries, fractures trunks and branches of trees.There is talk of two reasons for this phenomenon.Firstly, the increased outflow of tree resin defended shielding injury, blocking access viruses and parasitic fungi.Secondly, it could be the reaction of trees to the ongoing climate change, significant temperature variations and unique volcanic activity.It has survived to our times in the forms documenting the way of its formation and movement.
Known about 60 varieties of amber .
The richest known deposit of amber , estimated at 90 % of all the world's resources are located in the Kaliningrad region .
The name "amber" comes from the German word " bernstein " ( a stone that is on fire ) .
Creates an irregular lumps .The largest found lump of Baltic amber weighs 9.75 kg.The most common is amber yellow, rarer varieties are colorless, red, greenish, and the transparency depends on the content of fine air bubbles.Sometimes contain pieces of amber from the Cretaceous and Cenozoic remains of animals or plants, so-called inclusions .Solid inclusions are represented by different minerals such as pyrite and quartz, as well as insects, arachnids rarely , small amphibians and reptiles , plants and their remains .
The most famous type of amber - succinct , is found in the works tertiary Polish , Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, Denmark and Germany.Other fossil resins are found in Argentina ( ambryt ), in Africa and in Madagascar.
In folk medicine, amber incense smoke kill germs and beads worn around the neck to prevent the throat and head pain and strengthen the thyroid gland.The heated lumps of amber apply to extraction of foreign bodies from the eye (flies, pollen).Taking pounded powder like snuff, which was clean bay and help to offset the cold.Contemporary Litotherapy amber is used as a tincture for the treatment of diseases of the thyroid , throat , the chrypce and rheumatism. Methods of extraction of amber :
- collecting discarded by the sea pieces of amber,
- catching in the network during storms at sea,
- rinsing water under pressure from the ground,
- extraction by open pit mines.